Between 2000 and 2017, India, like many other nations, has been able to provide access to drinking water and better sanitation facitilites to a larger percentage of the population. With a push from Swachh Bharat, open defecation has dropped drastically. However, demographic inequalities persist.
Better over time
About 60% of India’s population had access to basic sanitation facilities in 2017 compared to just 16% in 2000. However, the number was lower compared to the overall global percentage.
India’s rural-urban disparity is less compared to the global average; but in India’s case, percentage differences translate to a higher absolute number of people due to the large population.
Poorer people are worse off
Gaps between the rich and poor are stark in India, with 82% of the poorest quintile still defecating in the open. The gap was narrowest in access to drinking water.
A much smaller percentage of people in Sub-Saharan Africa have access to basic drinking water and basic sanitation facilities. India is part of Central and Southern Asia.