India registered 26.9 lakh incidents of tuberculosis (TB) in 2018, a decline of nearly 50,000 patients compared to 2017 according to a World Health Organisation report.
On the other hand, while the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare estimated the number of TB incidents to be 27 lakh in the same year, only 21.5 lakh of them were notified (reported). Globally, India accounted for 27% of all TB incidents, the highest.
The rate of decline of the number of cases, reported by the WHO, has marginally increased between 2014 and 2018. India has aimed to eliminate tuberculosis by 2025.
Nearly 5.5 lakh TB incidents were not reported in India in 2018. Among States and U.T.s, Delhi and Chandigarh had the highest notified TB cases per one lakh of the population while Tripura and Kerala had the least.
Where India stands
India recorded 32 fatalities per lakh people in 2018. India’s standing was comparable to Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Gambia. The chart plots mortality rate (deaths as a % of overall cases) against incidents per one lakh population in high TB burden countries based on absolute number of cases.
Intensity of colour indicates severity of the burden.